Research

The San Diego Archaeological Center staff continues to encourage and facilitate research projects related to the documentation and artifacts that we preserve. Center staff will assist with navigating collections-based research by helping to identify and provide access to the appropriate materials needed, digital when possible*. We invite researchers and students to contact us with research suggestions or for more information.

*Loan materials may be available upon request.
Contact: Collections staff at collections@sandiegoarchaeology.org


San Diego Archaeological Center has worked with and continues to collaborate with researchers on topics of local interest. Below are some of the past projects.

Ground Stone

Bedrock and Boulder Cultural Features in Global Context
In September 2013, the Center received a Begole Archaeological Research grant to bring an international team to sites in San Diego County to study bedrock and boulder features including mortars, basins, cupules, and slicks. The project includes aerial drone mapping and 3-D digital modeling of the features. Similar features occur in many parts of the world. One long-term goal of the project is to help place the archaeology of San Diego County in global context

National Science Foundation Grinding Technology Project
The Center was awarded a National Science Foundation grant in 2007 to conduct research on ground stone tools. The project, titled Understanding Hunter-Gatherer Grinding Technology through Experimentation (BCS-0714727), was aimed at improving interpretations of grinding tool assemblages related to pre-contact hunter-gatherer societies. Grinding experiments were organized as a collaborative learning experience for middle-school and high-school students and formal and informal educators. The experiments engaged the students and educators in the scientific process of gathering data and developing and testing hypotheses, thereby enhancing science education. Further, this project utilized previously excavated museum collections for its archaeological component rather than requiring new destructive excavation. It thus demonstrates the research value of curated collections and helps to promote the preservation of cultural sites. Research results have been presented at Society for American Archaeology Annual Meetings (St. Louis 2010, Sacramento 2011, Memphis 2012), at the Institut National d’Histoire de l’Art (Paris 2010), and at the San Diego County Archaeological Society meeting on September 25, 2011. Publications in collaboration with Dr. Jenny Adams are in preparation,

Ceramics

Ceramic Compositional Analysis Projects
Since 2006, the Center has collaborated with Dr. Patrick S. Quinn, University College London, UK (formerly University of Sheffield), to conduct a series of petrographic and chemical studies of indigenous hunter-gatherer pottery and raw material sources. These studies have been focused on curated ceramic assemblages from sites within the Anza-Borrego Desert State Park and have been funded by the Begole Archaeological Research Grant Program. Analyses reveal great compositional variability within the sampled area. Results have been presented at the 2009 Society for American Archaeology Annual Meeting (Atlanta), the annual Archaeology Weekend at Anza-Borrego Desert State Park (2008, 2009, 2010, 2011), the European Meeting on Archaeological Ceramics (Vienna 2011), and have been published in the volume Interpreting Silent Artefacts: Petrographic Approaches to Archaeological Ceramics (Patrick Sean Quinn, editor; Archaeopress). A presentation titled “Malcolm Rogers on Archaeological Ceramics” at the March 2012 Society for California Archaeology annual meeting included results from these projects. Additional publications appear in the Pacific Coast Archaeological Society Quarterly (2013) and American Antiquity (2013). The next planned stages of this research are binational, extending the study to Baja California in collaboration with Antonio Porcayo-Michelini of Centro INAH.

University of Manchester Ceramic RHX Dating
Drs. Moira Wilson, University of Manchester, and Christopher Hall, University of Edinburgh, UK, received NERC funding for a 2-year RHX (rehydroxylation) dating validation study beginning July 2011. The Center submitted samples that were tested as part of this study.

Student Research

A wide variety of undergraduate and graduate student research projects have been conducted at the Center, with the assistance of Center staff, or using Center collections or research equipment. Research staff facilitate collections-based research by helping to identify and provide access to appropriate study materials, including archaeological and library collections. We encourage students to contact us about project ideas, equipment, and materials. Contact Executive Director Cindy Stankowski at cstankowski@sandiegoarchaeology.org.

Haley Chasteene (University of Glasgow) “Filling in the Gaps of the Prehistoric Otay Mesa Landscape: A Case Study Involving X-Ray Fluorescence Sourcing of Santiago Peak Metavolcanic, Continuum of Steep-Edged Unifacial Tools, and Cultural Resource Management Archaeological Practices in San Diego, California.” Master’s dissertation.

Erin Ching (University of Santa Clara) “Lithic Raw Materials in Archaic and Late Prehistoric Ground Stone Assemblages from Otay Mesa, San Diego County, CA”. Senior Honors thesis.

Nikki Falvey (University of California, San Diego) “Wisdom in the Waste: Obsidian Studies and Late Prehistoric Social Systems”. Senior thesis.

Jamaica Grace-Bishop (University of California, San Diego) “Pottery and Place: a Comparative Analysis of Mountain and Desert Pottery from San Diego County, CA”. Internship project.

Michelle Graham (San Diego State University) “Petrographic Analysis of a Ceramic Typology”. Independent research paper.

Micah Hale (University of California, Davis) “Santa Barbara and San Diego: Contrasting Adaptive Strategies on the Southern California Coast”. Doctoral dissertation.

Alana Hansen (Palomar College) “The NRHP San Diego County Map: Exploration of History Through Place.” GIS Certificate project.

Marco Hatch (University of California, San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography) “Assessment of archaeological bivalves as indicators of shoreline, salinity, and productivity”. Doctoral dissertation.

Johnathon Henderson and Jared Kelly (UCLA, UC Berkeley) “San Diego Archaeological Center & San Dieguito River Park Map.” GIS Intern project.

Mark Jumps (Palomar College) “GIS: Mapping the Past for the Future”. GIS Certificate project.

Suzanne Moramarco (Palomar College) “Predicting rock art site locations in San Diego County”. GIS Certificate project.

Joelle Morgan (University of California, Berkeley) “A comparison of Kumeyaay tool materials: An analysis of use-wear with wood and stone”. Senior Honors thesis.

Rebecca Nathan (Palomar College) “Randomizing Polygon Locations: Enabling the San Diego Archaeological Center to Participate in the Open Context Project”. GIS Certificate project.

Sophie van Heymbeek (University of Sheffield, UK) “Petrographic Analysis of Late Prehistoric Ceramics from CA-SDI-12947/H, Pine Valley, San Diego County: Investigating Provenance and Technology”. Masters thesis.

Joe Woods (California State University, Northridge) “Function of the Holocene Form Discoidal from Southern California.” Master’s thesis

Collections Research

With the assistance of Center staff, the intern will identify, design, and conduct an original research project that uses the Center’s archaeological collections. The intern will formulate a plan for public dissemination of the project results as a journal publication, a museum exhibit, or a public class or lecture. During the course of the research and dissemination planning, the intern will receive training in research design, collections management, artifact analysis, and exhibit design and production as appropriate to the selected project.

Archaeology Lab Positions

Volunteers will prepare one or more archaeological collections for curation. Center staff will instruct the volunteer on archaeological laboratory procedures such as basic artifact analysis, manual and computer cataloging, storage requirements, and preventative conservation.

Exhibitions

Exhibitions Volunteers assist with the design, construction, and installation of Center Museum exhibits.

Volunteers work in the Center’s Research Library, cataloguing materials and organizing on a computer-based system.

Marketing and Administrative Volunteers assist the Development Office or Administration Office with data entry, updating marketing materials and clerical tasks. Computer experience is a plus.

Docents welcome visitors and answer general questions regarding the Center and exhibits. Docents staff the gift shop and help out with administrative and curatorial tasks.

Volunteers support event activities at the Center, such as the Annual BBQ, lectures, workshops, and fundraising events. Be a part of the party!

Volunteer provide support for K-12 programs offered at the Center. These are fun, hands-on programs that kids really enjoy. Teaching experience is a plus, but not required. Background checks are required.

Collections Management

With the assistance of Center staff, the intern will prepare one or more archaeological collections for curation. During the course of the internship, the intern will learn to identify artifacts and ecofacts common to the San Diego region, including lithics, ceramics, historical objects, and faunal, botanical, and mineral specimens. Center staff will instruct the intern on archaeological laboratory procedures such as basic artifact analysis, manual and computer cataloguing, storage requirements, and preventative conservation. In addition, the intern will become familiar with historical trends in archaeological practice in the San Diego area and will be introduced to current legal and ethical issues in archaeological curation as well as the concerns and rights of culturally affiliated groups with regard to archaeological materials.

Development and Marketing

Under the direction of Center staff, the intern will support the department in various activities, including, but not limited to, fundraising and grant research; e-newsletter development; social media marketing; tour web app content creation, integration, and management; and website maintenance. This internship will give the intern valuable, real-world experience in non-profit fundraising and marketing.

Geographical Information Systems in Archaeology

Prospective Interns must have completed three courses: Introduction to GIS, GIS Database Management, and Intermediate/Advanced Methods in GIS. The intern will be assigned a project where they will create shapefiles and maps for curated archaeological collections, museum exhibits, and/or public outreach using ArcGIS 10.6. Center staff will instruct the intern on archaeological GIS laboratory procedures such as computer cataloguing, storage requirements, and database management.

Library Science

With the assistance of Center staff, the intern will arrange and catalog materials in the Center’s library. During the course of the internship, the intern will take a leading role in the cataloging, sorting and storing of research files and creating user guides for these collections. Center staff will instruct the intern on archival procedures, computer cataloging, storage requirements, and preventative conservation.

Public Archaeology

With the assistance of Center staff, interns will research, design, and produce a project that educates the public about archaeology or a related field using the Center’s archaeological collections. Interns may create virtual museum exhibits and related activities, develop curricula for K-12 programs in line with current content standards, or plan and present a public class or lecture. Per approval, special projects of the intern’s choosing are also available. During the course of the research and planning, the intern will receive guidance as appropriate to the selected project.