• Exhibits

    Artifact of the Week: Cooking Stone

    Cooking stones were heated in embers and then placed into pots with a stick inserted into the hole. The heat would cook the food in the pot. The people of the Late Prehistoric Tradition did not have (nor need) the…

  • Exhibits

    Artifact of the Week: Shaft Straightener

    The shaft straightener was used to gently bend prepared and heated wooden sticks to create an arrow shaft that would fly true. It is a flattened round stone with a groove pecked in the flat surface. To create that groove,…

  • Exhibits

    Artifact of the Week: Arrow Points

    Bow and arrow technology were introduced to the region during the Late Holocene. During this period, the people of the Late Prehistoric Tradition hunted small game with the bow and arrow. Almost all archaeological theories about San Diego’s early history…

  • Exhibits

    Artifact of the Week: Beads and Pendants

    Throughout history, humans have adorned themselves. These beads came from archaeological sites all over San Diego. The shell beads are made of olivella, abalone, clam, scallop, and dentalia. The grooved stone bead is made of steatite. During the Late Prehistoric…

  • Exhibits

    Artifact of the Week: Bone Awls

    The people of the Late Prehistoric Tradition used bone awls to make holes in leather for clothing and in basketmaking. They made most bone awls from the delicate leg bones of deer sharpened to a point. Technologically, the people of…

  • Exhibits

    Artifact of the Week: Stone Bowl-Mortar

    Stone bowl mortars were the perfect tool for processing acorns, which had to be pounded into a meal and rinsed to remove bitter tannin. Mortars were also carved into bedrock near oak trees. Bowl mortars were more portable and could…